Technical articles

How to Characterize the Dispersion Effect of Powder


Powder dispersion is an essential process in many industries, including pharmaceuticals, food, and cosmetics. The dispersion quality of powders in liquid systems can affect their stability, performance, and functionality. Therefore, it is vital to characterize the dispersion effect of powder to ensure the quality of the final product. In this article, we will discuss different methods to characterize powder dispersion and their significance in assessing the quality of the dispersion.

1.Particle Size Characterization

Particle size is an essential factor in evaluating the dispersion performance of powders. Small particle size and uniform distribution can lead to better dispersion, and large particle size can result in poor dispersion and increased settling rates, leading to sedimentation. Therefore, particle size characterization is commonly used to determine the dispersion properties of powders.

2.Electron Microscopy

Electron microscopy is a direct visualization method that uses a scanning electron microscope to observe the dispersion of powders in liquid systems. It is a useful tool to examine the morphology and arrangement of particles in the system. The SEM images can also be used to determine the uniformity of particle sizes and the presence of aggregates.

3.Zeta Potential

Zeta potential, a measure of the electrical charge on the particle surface, is an important parameter to characterize the stability of a particle dispersion system. The magnitude of the zeta potential can predict the potential for particle aggregation. The higher the zeta potential value, the more stable the dispersion system is. Therefore, it is a useful parameter to evaluate the dispersion properties of powders.

4.Gravity Sedimentation

Gravity sedimentation is a method to measure the settling velocity and volume of the dispersed particles in liquid systems under the influence of gravity. It takes into account the effect of particle size, shape, and density on the dispersion performance of powders. The method is simple, cost-effective, and can be used to evaluate the stability of the dispersion system.

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